Book of the dead author
BOOK OF THE DEAD BECOMING GOD IN ANCIENT EGYPT edited by FOY SCALF .. He is author of The Nile Boatman at Work () and The Craft of a Good. The Book of the Dead | Douglas Preston, Lincoln Child | ISBN: The authors welcome visitors to their alarmingly active Facebook page, where they post. The Egyptian Book of the Dead: The Book of Going Forth by Day | Ogden Goelet important ancient texts, and the author of numerous scholarly publications.
Some of the spells introduced at this time claim an older provenance; for instance the rubric to spell 30B states that it was discovered by the Prince Hordjedef in the reign of King Menkaure , many hundreds of years before it is attested in the archaeological record.
By the 17th dynasty , the Book of the Dead had become widespread not only for members of the royal family, but courtiers and other officials as well.
At this stage, the spells were typically inscribed on linen shrouds wrapped around the dead, though occasionally they are found written on coffins or on papyrus.
The New Kingdom saw the Book of the Dead develop and spread further. From this period onward the Book of the Dead was typically written on a papyrus scroll, and the text illustrated with vignettes.
During the 19th dynasty in particular, the vignettes tended to be lavish, sometimes at the expense of the surrounding text. In the Third Intermediate Period , the Book of the Dead started to appear in hieratic script, as well as in the traditional hieroglyphics.
The hieratic scrolls were a cheaper version, lacking illustration apart from a single vignette at the beginning, and were produced on smaller papyri.
At the same time, many burials used additional funerary texts, for instance the Amduat. During the 25th and 26th dynasties , the Book of the Dead was updated, revised and standardised.
Spells were consistently ordered and numbered for the first time. This standardised version is known today as the 'Saite recension', after the Saite 26th dynasty.
In the Late period and Ptolemaic period , the Book of the Dead remained based on the Saite recension, though increasingly abbreviated towards the end of the Ptolemaic period.
The last use of the Book of the Dead was in the 1st century BCE, though some artistic motifs drawn from it were still in use in Roman times.
The Book of the Dead is made up of a number of individual texts and their accompanying illustrations. Most sub-texts begin with the word ro, which can mean "mouth," "speech," "spell," "utterance," "incantation," or "a chapter of a book.
At present, some spells are known,  though no single manuscript contains them all. They served a range of purposes. Some are intended to give the deceased mystical knowledge in the afterlife, or perhaps to identify them with the gods: Still others protect the deceased from various hostile forces or guide him through the underworld past various obstacles.
Famously, two spells also deal with the judgement of the deceased in the Weighing of the Heart ritual. Such spells as 26—30, and sometimes spells 6 and , relate to the heart and were inscribed on scarabs.
The texts and images of the Book of the Dead were magical as well as religious. Magic was as legitimate an activity as praying to the gods, even when the magic was aimed at controlling the gods themselves.
The act of speaking a ritual formula was an act of creation;  there is a sense in which action and speech were one and the same thing.
Hieroglyphic script was held to have been invented by the god Thoth , and the hieroglyphs themselves were powerful.
Written words conveyed the full force of a spell. The spells of the Book of the Dead made use of several magical techniques which can also be seen in other areas of Egyptian life.
A number of spells are for magical amulets , which would protect the deceased from harm. In addition to being represented on a Book of the Dead papyrus, these spells appeared on amulets wound into the wrappings of a mummy.
Other items in direct contact with the body in the tomb, such as headrests, were also considered to have amuletic value. Almost every Book of the Dead was unique, containing a different mixture of spells drawn from the corpus of texts available.
For most of the history of the Book of the Dead there was no defined order or structure. The spells in the Book of the Dead depict Egyptian beliefs about the nature of death and the afterlife.
The Book of the Dead is a vital source of information about Egyptian beliefs in this area. One aspect of death was the disintegration of the various kheperu , or modes of existence.
Mummification served to preserve and transform the physical body into sah , an idealised form with divine aspects;  the Book of the Dead contained spells aimed at preserving the body of the deceased, which may have been recited during the process of mummification.
The ka , or life-force, remained in the tomb with the dead body, and required sustenance from offerings of food, water and incense.
In case priests or relatives failed to provide these offerings, Spell ensured the ka was satisfied. It was the ba , depicted as a human-headed bird, which could "go forth by day" from the tomb into the world; spells 61 and 89 acted to preserve it.
An akh was a blessed spirit with magical powers who would dwell among the gods. The nature of the afterlife which the dead person enjoyed is difficult to define, because of the differing traditions within Ancient Egyptian religion.
In the Book of the Dead , the dead were taken into the presence of the god Osiris , who was confined to the subterranean Duat.
There are also spells to enable the ba or akh of the dead to join Ra as he travelled the sky in his sun-barque, and help him fight off Apep.
There are fields, crops, oxen, people and waterways. The deceased person is shown encountering the Great Ennead , a group of gods, as well as his or her own parents.
While the depiction of the Field of Reeds is pleasant and plentiful, it is also clear that manual labour is required.
For this reason burials included a number of statuettes named shabti , or later ushebti. These statuettes were inscribed with a spell, also included in the Book of the Dead , requiring them to undertake any manual labour that might be the owner's duty in the afterlife.
The path to the afterlife as laid out in the Book of the Dead was a difficult one. The deceased was required to pass a series of gates, caverns and mounds guarded by supernatural creatures.
Their names—for instance, "He who lives on snakes" or "He who dances in blood"—are equally grotesque. These creatures had to be pacified by reciting the appropriate spells included in the Book of the Dead ; once pacified they posed no further threat, and could even extend their protection to the dead person.
If all the obstacles of the Duat could be negotiated, the deceased would be judged in the "Weighing of the Heart" ritual, depicted in Spell The deceased was led by the god Anubis into the presence of Osiris.
There, the dead person swore that he had not committed any sin from a list of 42 sins ,  reciting a text known as the "Negative Confession".
Then the dead person's heart was weighed on a pair of scales, against the goddess Maat , who embodied truth and justice.
Maat was often represented by an ostrich feather, the hieroglyphic sign for her name. If the scales balanced, this meant the deceased had led a good life.
Anubis would take them to Osiris and they would find their place in the afterlife, becoming maa-kheru , meaning "vindicated" or "true of voice".
This scene is remarkable not only for its vividness but as one of the few parts of the Book of the Dead with any explicit moral content.
The judgment of the dead and the Negative Confession were a representation of the conventional moral code which governed Egyptian society.
For every "I have not John Taylor points out the wording of Spells 30B and suggests a pragmatic approach to morality; by preventing the heart from contradicting him with any inconvenient truths, it seems that the deceased could enter the afterlife even if their life had not been entirely pure.
A Book of the Dead papyrus was produced to order by scribes. They were commissioned by people in preparation for their own funeral, or by the relatives of someone recently deceased.
I am a filmmaker and I have to be quite sensitive to the vibes and feelings of others so I can effectively capture it on screen.
And this book came as a socker punch. It did help that I'd already heard and read about the book. One of my favourite stories is about the young child who dies of Cancer and comes back to keep a watch on his mother.
I could not stop my tears at this point. I also loved the I received a free copy of the book in exchange for an honest review This book really stunned me.
I also loved the story of the repairman who repaired the feeling behind every damaged appliance that came his way.
It made me believe that even though we may think a particular appliance is stationary and non-living, it does absorb our emotions.
Why then would our house seem brighter when we're happy and have a gloomy glow when we're dejected? I felt touched by reading this book.
Every story has some learning or the other. It impressed on me that change is permanent. And that the soul is eternal. It comes into one human life to learn lessons and leaves that life, feeling cleansed and learning a lot more than it did before.
Through the myriad reasons for death, the person's soul emerged victorious. I also was astonished to read that however violent the deaths were, the passage into the afterlife was smooth and welcoming.
And that nobody was rejected, only embraced. I felt a deep sense of calm resonating when I realised, that death was just something which gave my soul its required release so it could find a new life to learn and to evolve.
Oct 09, Kellzkelvin rated it it was amazing. This book is a real eye opener and the author did an incredible work here, revealing the little known miseries surrounding death and the afterlife.
While reading this book, I felt an emotional attachment to the story as it was both heartbreaking and mind uplifting. Each chapter tells genuine stories of life and death which will spark many thoughts buried within your mind.
Honestly speaking, it got me hooked from the beginning to the end as the story still lingers on my mind; and this book will hel This book is a real eye opener and the author did an incredible work here, revealing the little known miseries surrounding death and the afterlife.
Honestly speaking, it got me hooked from the beginning to the end as the story still lingers on my mind; and this book will help you understand what will happen when you die.
The book clearly focused on the themes of love, hope, and trust which went a long way to drive home the point that life continues after death.
Talking about the author, I feel she is a very talented writer and this story will definitely bring peace of mind to many people who have UN-answered puzzles concerning life after death and other related issues.
Oct 17, Relyn Manginsay Montebon rated it it was amazing. When a friend recommended this book, I have to admit I was a bit skeptical about it. But as I read the first chapter, I was immediately engrossed in it.
The life stories and the accounts of what happens after actual people have died have not only given me hope but peace as well.
This is a great book and I am currently downloading the new one! Dec 07, Niyati Em rated it it was amazing Shelves: I received a free copy of the book in exchange for an honest review.
As different as it sounds, I never thought I would ever read something like this. But experimentation is the name of the game and read this book I did.
This book is Collette's collection of stories with people who have crossed over and moved on, away from their physical bodies. There is this one quote which endeared me to the book, which I even quoted on facebook, "There is darkness that dwells inside each of us.
There is light, bu I received a free copy of the book in exchange for an honest review. There is light, but there is also the dark.
Man, woman or child, we each have our own darkness and our own demons. They are all of our own making.
Our demons can be within us and they can also come from outside of us. These demons challenge us. It's as though they exist to ask us to make the wrong choices.
Most often we have a sense of exactly what's right or wrong for us, but these demons can somehow make the wrong choices seem right because they're so good at rationalizing the poor choices.
Even though the wrong choice can sometimes seem like the right thing to do, but you'll know deep down inside when it's a wrong choice anyway" Reading through this book, even whether I did believe in pyschics or mediums or clairvoyant people, it did not matter.
The Book can stand alone on it's own feet. There were stories of people who died after long bouts of illness and came back to check on their loved ones.
Some stories were about people who saw their life plan after they died and realised that fear had made them live a shriveled life.
Some stories were about people who had a troubled life and found peace in the Afterlife. The essence of all the stories was that regardless of what we did in our lifetime, our soul was everlasting.
It learned lessons from our failures on earth and chose to return. Our soul also grew and matured after learning the mistakes we committed during our lifetime as against what we planned when we were going to come back to the earth.
Each story was a small reminder that our time here is limited. There was one story which was particularly impactful.
Bob, an Accountant, was so scared of death that he never did anything, or ventured out, or even spoke to people. After a while he became so paranoid that he feared hospitals for germs and didn't go there when he needed to get an ulcer removed.
When he died, he realised that because of his debilitating fear of everything going wrong and death, he had crippled his life.
He had forgotten how to live. His thinking had turned his body against itself and ultimately caused his death.
Each story ended with the soul being forgiven for the mistakes and an overwhelming feeling of love which gave deep rest to the person who just died.
This isn't one of the usual books which you would pick up and read. But it made me think about the finality of life itself and made me wonder of the happiness we kept postponing just because we thought we had "more time".
For this message, even if it is from people who have passed away, I am grateful. The 25 stories here will leave you contemplating and will make you think.
Jan 09, Ana Ruru rated it really liked it. That's was really a good experience ,reading this kind of books ,but I like reading a new theory about those things And this theory was interesting I enjoy it.
Sep 06, Farzeen Ibrahim rated it it was amazing. Collette Sinclaire has been just like everyone else… Almost! Having spent 5 years interviewing those who have died and crossed over, she has managed to write a profound book on life-after-death and what awaits everyone.
But within the first few pages I was engrossed with the content and the rich detailed description of each incident. The excitement that stirs you in the beginning, grips you till the very last page of it.
The author undergoes quite a tedious and difficult process to obtain this knowledge. One must applaud the way every chapter makes you feel like a part of the book, proving commitment to deliver the facts as-they-are to the readers.
The words portrayed are meant to make you understand rather than amuse you. You may find yourself relating to some of the incidents! If you are going through some trying times or have lost someone dear, this book might be your comfort.
Sep 06, Jaime rated it it was amazing. Humans beings are curious by nature. And, there had to be at least a few times one has wondered what really happens after we take our last breath here on Earth.
Well, thankfully, acclaimed psychic medium, Collette Sinclaire has penned this book in hopes of helping to answer our question.
She has spent five years "interviewing" spirits who have crossed over. Readers are granted permission to listen in, and witness Sinclaire's discussions with the deceased.
Each chapter withholds genuine stories o Humans beings are curious by nature. Each chapter withholds genuine stories of real people who have shared their life and death stories with Sinclaire.
A few are quite disturbing, but others are comforting, and inspiring. Please be forewarned, that this book may be unsettling for some.
But, for the rest of us who dare to read The Real Book of the Dead, it will portray Sinclaire's wonderful gift and will spark many thoughts that may have been buried deep within your mind.
The author is a talented writer, and these stories she have shared with us is bound to bring peace of mind to many people. Sep 06, Justin rated it it was amazing.
This is an incredibly profound book that really makes you think about the wonders of life and death.
The situations described are riveting, and Collette Sinclaire did a wonderful job putting them into words. There is no denying that we often wonder what life after death is like, or if there is any.
This book provides the answer, in such a way that truly engages the reader. You feel close and connected to the spirits that Sinclaire herself painstakingly communicated with.
The emotions this book wi This is an incredibly profound book that really makes you think about the wonders of life and death.
The emotions this book will bring out in you may be intense. I found it to both be heartbreaking and incredibly uplifting.
The stories you encounter will teach you invaluable lessons about loving and letting go. It is fascinating to know that psychic mediums like Collette Sinclaire are out there, communicating with the spirits.
This book gives you special insight into this experience as Sinclaire shares her most captivating discoveries. Dec 04, Jenna B.
Humans have a natural curiosity when it comes to the afterlife and what happens when our time here on Earth ends. Regardless of personal belief, there are questions to be answered and thoughts to be entertained.
Whether you believe in psychics or not, this one is an interesting read. I have genuinely enjoyed books that app Humans have a natural curiosity when it comes to the afterlife and what happens when our time here on Earth ends.
I have genuinely enjoyed books that approach a view of life that is composed of many stories. Each person's story varies, and this book allows the reader to experience nearly every kind of life experience.
War, love, tragedy, youth, success The stories are truly captivating, but be advised- the book discusses violence, sex, and other graphic issues.
It also needs to be approached with an open mind. If you pick up this book and have already discredited everything it has to say, you will likely gain nothing.
This is true of most literature. Even if you take out the psychic element, the story reads well and is entertaining. Many of the words from those who have crossed over involve telling the living to embrace each moment and live their lives to the fullest.
This is often a feeling we experience when the death of a loved one hits us. It is too easy to forget in our busy lives.
We must embrace today, for we are mortal and tomorrow may never come. These words are echoed through many individuals in the book, and cannot be repeated too many times.
There is much to be learned from reading about these experiences. The speakers also discuss what death is like and their arrival in the afterlife.
Many express relief from the many troubles of mortal life, as well as the sadness from leaving the world behind. Some of these individuals struggled with drug abuse, abusive relationships, and the realities of historical events that brought about hard circumstances.
Others simply lived life and their time came, including one very young boy and several 'ordinary people'.
One can easily enjoy these stories, whether you think they are the result of 'creative writing' or actual psychic experiences.
It may also aid the reader to learn more about Collette, the author. She is an interesting character herself and describes more of her methods and experiences in her other works.
I am a fan of her writing style and look forward to more of her books. When reading this book, it feels like you're listening to an old friend or wise elder tell you what they've learned from their experiences.
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